To date, there are a number of problematic issues in the field of military-technical policy in Ukraine. Thus, at the legislative level such concepts as “military policy”, “military-technical policy”, “defense-industrial policy” are not defined. Their contents, principles, tasks, etc. are not disclosed. It is quite clear that the level of technical equipment of the Armed Forces, capabilities of the Defense Forces, and the effectiveness of military-technical cooperation, which ultimately determine the ability to independently defend the national territory, depend on the military-technical policy in Ukraine.
First, military-technical policy is intended to ensure, above all, the development of those areas of scientific and technological progress in the field of armaments that will most fully correspond to the nature of a possible war and to ensure high combat capability of the troops. Of paramount importance is scientific forecasting, comprehensive long-term planning, determination of the optimal ratio of the Armed Forces to the types of troops and their military equipment.
It happened that every newly appointed Minister of Defense, or the Chief of the Armed Forces, sought to fulfill his “high” considerations, had a biased attitude to one or another type of Armed Forces, a troop or a type of weapon. As a result, common mistakes are often common. There are many examples of these: they all adversely affected the progressive development of the Armed Forces, their harmonious construction, exhausting the need for a limited defense budget. Quite often, the defense industry itself has become a brake on scientific and technological progress, lobbying for the development of a particular weapon or imposing weak, inefficient and expensive weapons on the troops, not well tested on bench and field tests.
Secondly, military-technical policies must ensure that the industry is creatively linked to science in the interest of creating new, advanced technologies and advanced materials, and as a result, such weapons that will not age. In this case, each sample of weapons at the lowest cost of money for its development, production and operation would have higher tactical and technical capabilities, especially powerful impressive properties, ease of management and maintenance. Equally important are the good repair properties, the long warranty period, the stability in extreme conditions. Another area we need to work hard on. The fact is that, as before, many of our new models of weapons and military equipment, unfortunately, differ in immobility, increased weight, dimensions (often do not meet the rail and sea standards), excess iron, material and energy consumption, not to mention already about the high cost of manufacturing and the excess cost of human labor in production. These deficiencies are unacceptable for a modern mobile army to be created.
Third, military and technical policy must take care of the standardization and unification of weapons and military equipment, the compatibility and interchangeability of their components and components, saving enormous resources and resources. An important role is played by the preparation and implementation of industry and military regulations governing the general requirements for weapons.
Fourth, the military-technical policy should provide for the establishment of the most important balances between the weapons systems of the army and the fleet and their infrastructure, between new developments and upgrades of existing weapons, between the levels of combat characteristics of weapons systems and their operational capabilities. arms trade, both outdated and modern, as it is an important source of replenishment of our national currency reserves.
Fifth, military-technical policy should pay attention to improving the ergonomic characteristics of weapons and military equipment in “warrior-machine” systems, in other words, the creation of such weapons that would be convenient to use, save military work, make it more productive , creative, attractive, required less staff due to the mechanization of laborious processes, and also complex operations in preparation for combat.
Sixth, the task of military-technical policy is to improve and develop new methods of commanding troops and weapons, to develop control techniques by responding promptly to all changes in the ways of conducting armed struggle. In the area of military management, intelligence, communications and electronic warfare systems are a priority for military policy. Military technical policy must have a permanent impact on the development of these assets, from research and development to production and procurement, bearing in mind that these tools are a multiplier, a multiplier for the military capabilities of the army and navy.
It is very important to keep in mind that many elements of a control system can be dual technologies: both military and civilian. Therefore, the development of these tools must and to give the green street to be used with maximum efficiency not only in the Armed Forces, but also in the country’s economy – in telecommunications, remote control and sounding systems, protection of trade secrets, etc., which are in dire need today. and to give the green street to be used with maximum efficiency not only in the Armed Forces, but also in the country’s economy – in telecommunications, remote control and sounding systems, protection of trade secrets, etc., which are in dire need today.